عنوان مقاله [English]
The facilitation of privatization has always been emphasized in laws and official expert reports over the last three decades. However, after each privatization period, everyone keeps talking about its mistakes or deviations in the previous period. In fact, it has always been acknowledged that past privatizations have not been principled, and it has always been speculated that the future of privatization will be promising for the economy of the country. In the present study, using the official expert reports, the progress of privatization is evaluated and while explaining this process, regarding the approaches that pursue privatization reforms through legal and bureaucratic solutions, it is argued that laws do not explain and determine the process of privatization, because they, in turn, need to be explained, and it is the balance of power that explains the laws. The function of bureaucracy cannot also be explained without the balance of power. Accordingly, it is hypothesized that the observed flaws in privatization are not the result of human or organizational errors, or some of the flaws carried out in the privatization, but of the nature of privatization itself. Accordingly, in the end, given the problems of privatization and referring to Article 44 of the Constitution, which considers the cooperative sector as important as public and private sectors, " cooperativization " is recommended to be recognized as an alternative for the transfer of state-owned enterprises.