نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکترای تخصصی مهندسی صنایع، استادیار دانشگاه خواجه نصیرالدین طوسی، تهران (نویسندۀ مسئول)
2 دانشجوی دکتری مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه خواجه نصیرالدین طوسی، تهران
3 کارشناسی ارشد ارگونومی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: According to the statistics issued by International Labor Organization (ILO) in 2008, there are approximately 337 million occupational accidents and 160 million occupational diseases worldwide each year, and about 2.3 million workers pass away from occupational accidents and work-related diseases. The economic costs of occupational health and safety problems impose a significant burden on companies.
Methodology: In this study, based on the model of the German Occupational Health and Safety Organization (BAuA), potential hazards are classified into ten groups. Meanwhile, in order to determine the importance of each risk in each organization, each risk is evaluated according to FMEA model. Risk assessment was conducted in ten companies including Ceramara, Alvand Tile & Ceramic Industries, Barez Tires, Fanavaran Petrochemical, Saveh Cement, Abyek Cement, Daroupakhsh (medicine production and distribution companies), Chloropars, and Razak Laboratory.
Findings: According to the results, risks in some organizations including Chloropars, Alvand Tile & Ceramic Industries, and Fanavaran Petrochemical are in a worse situation than other companies surveyed. Studies also show that the lack of applying specific methods in the process of risk assessment can be a considered as a crucial factor of inaccurate identification and management of risks.