عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: The issue of care for the elderly affects the welfare and support system as well as the economic and socio-cultural developments of societies. Considering a variety of factors such as increasing number of the elderly population, migration trend contributing to physical distance between family members, expansion of modern urban life, long term education, employment and economic activity of women, lifestyle changes, lack of modern protecting organizations, and insufficiency of traditional care models, we will face the challenge of elderly care process leading to more intergenerational and in-generation family tensions. The issue of care for the elderly in today's world has led the researcher to review the experience of developed countries in this context.
Method: This article is a comparative study of the elderly care policies within three countries including China, USA, and Sweden, which have experienced population aging.
Findings and Results: The results of the study show that in addition to 24-hour-care in nursing homes, care policies should move towards community-based care and home-care models, taking advantage of governmental support. The community-based care services, day-care centers, and home care services can serve as a central policy to continue the independent life of the elderly in their homes besides maintaining the quality of their life. Finally, this study recommends to training the elderly care workforce; emphasizing long-term care; supporting informal care providers and home care; community-based nursing models; reforming nursing educational materials with a focus on geriatrics; training the geriatricians and geriatric social workers.