نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
برنامه ریزی رفاه اجتماعی، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: The most important goal of the present study is to study the management of religious financial resources in Islamic countries and the intersection of its spending system with social security systems. The studied countries are include Malaysia, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia which were considered in detail. In addition, the experience of Islamic countries such as Jordan, Kuwait, Egypt, Palestine, Libya, Bangladesh, Bahrain and Yemen has been also considered.
Method: In this study, the method of comparative study has been used to study the experience of Islamic countries in organizing zakat and its relationship with social security expenditures (in the general sense).
Findings and conclusion: Finally, the classification of the situation of these countries in terms of zakat benefit systems was obtained. Important criteria for this classification are the status of the Zakat law, the organizations in charge of Zakat, the quality of Zakat distribution, and finally the consumption of Zakat and its relation to social security. The three obtained patterns are: compulsory comprehensive model, optional model, customary model. The different patterns of Islamic countries in each of these three categories still have minor differences that have been tried to be addressed in detail.